Provides Continuous Background Ventilation To Combat Condensation
- Meets Building Regulations requirements Document F1 (Alternative methods)
- Easy to install (no external access required)
- Whisper quiet
- Continuous running trickle or boost ventilation
- Humidity sensor (optional)
- Low running costs
- Positive input airflow
- Security ventilation™ (no need to open windows)
- Health benefit – produces dramatic improvements of indoor air quality Heat
- Energy dividend
General Product Information
Kair™ Flat Input Ventilators have been designed to create a continuous positive air pressure (providing a capacity to move in excess of 100m3 per hour). This will effectively combat condensation dampness and mould growth and meets or contributes towards the F1 Building Regulations requirements for ventilation.
Condensation occurs when the water content of air rises above a level called the ‘dew point’. At such time, water droplets will form on the coldest surfaces i.e. window, external walls etc. On average, a family of four people will produce about two gallons of water vapour per day from activities such as cooking, bathing, breathing and the washing and drying of clothes.
It is also a fact that nowadays most properties are insulated to prevent warm air from escaping. This reduction in ventilation allows the air contained within the property to reach a higher relative humidity.
Kair™ Flat Input Ventilators will help provide protection for hygroscopic material such as wallpaper, books, leather goods, wooden furniture, clothing and other fabrics from mould.
Kair™ Flat Input Ventilators utilise heat that exists at ceiling height due to convection and recirculates it around the dwelling. The continuous air movement throughout the property will create surface evaporation of moisture contained in the building fabric. This will in turn create a drying out process, which means that there will be less hidden moisture to heat up (see leaflet ‘Cost of hidden moisture’).
As long ago as 1989, an article in the British Medical Journal referred to the health hazards associated with condensation and mould growth in dwellings. The Statutory Fitness Standard clearly states that dwellings with inadequate ventilation, condensation and mould growth problems are unfit for human habitation and Building Regulation Guidelines require a supply of fresh air and the removal of pollutants.
Kair™ units, by reducing humidity to optimum levels (Kair Health Line™), eradicate condensation, prohibit mould growth and discourage the spread of bacteria, viruses and dust mite activity. By expelling dust particles, gasses and other household pollutants, the units create a dramatic improvement in the quality of the indoor air supply.
How It Works
Kair™ Flat Input Ventilators draw in fresh air through an external wall. The air is filtered and passed through ducting to discharge at ceiling level at a central location of the flat (hallway where most doors are situated). The fresh air mixes with the warm air rising above head height and redistributes it throughout the entire flat.
Each room is slightly pressurised and the continual air movement eliminates stagnant pockets of moisture-laden air, which are eventually expelled through natural leakage points (window and door crevices, flues, air grilles etc). In effect, reversing the tendency towards cold draughts entering the flat.
An overall improvement in the internal atmosphere will be noticed within a few days.
To combat the variable factors related to humidity levels within dwellings, the Kair Flat Input Ventilator has a specially designed speed control which allow the user to adjust the airflow rate as and when it is felt necessary or if preferred a humidistat control that adjusts the unit speed from trickle to boost automatically.
Kair™ Flat Input Ventilators are designed for wall or ceiling installation in flats or similar dwellings with no roof void. The unit should be sited as near as is practical to an outside wall air inlet grille and minimum ducting runs are preferable to discourage the formation of condensation on the ducting. If long runs of ducting are required it may be prudent to incorporate boxing-in into the design.
Any competent D.I.Y. enthusiast or an electrician can simply install the Kair Input Ventilator.
Please see separate specification clause leaflet.
Kair™ Flat Input Ventilators require only a minimal amount of maintenance to ensure efficient running. The internal filter should be cleaned or replaced approximately every 12 months subject to prevailing conditions. The motor incorporates ‘sealed for life’ bearings and requires no maintenance.
Installation can be carried out by a suitably qualified craftsman and connected to electrical supply by an electrician in accordance with IEE Regulations.
The unit meets Building Regulations.
Note: For ease of installation, the input and supply rectangular spigots and the internal motor, can be rotated by 90° to enable tight fitting against ceiling or walls.
Typical Performance figures
WHY SPECIFY Kair™
Ventilation is necessary to maintain a healthy and comfortable internal environment and to rapidly remove pollutants such as moisture, volatile organic compounds (VOC’s), allergens such as dust, oxides of nitrogen, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, tobacco smoke and unpleasant odours.
Moisture is generally assumed to be the most significant of these pollutants because of the high rates of generation from cooking, bathing, washing, drying etc and the consequential condensation and mould growth problems. It follows that if the ventilation strategy is based on controlling this principle pollutant by heat recovery input / extract ventilation then logically the other indoor pollutants will also be adequately controlled.
Stale air, and air which is hot or humid, should be replaced at a reasonable rate.
Good ventilation means providing a balance between energy efficient and healthy indoor air best summed up by the catchphrase ‘build tight – ventilate right’ . The fresh air supply rate should not normally fall below 5 to 8 l/s per occupant. This is best achieved by creating continuous air changes of 0.5 to 1.0 every hour, throughout the entire dwelling as specified in D.E.T.R. Good Practice Note 268.
Although building regulations relate to new buildings, the guidance on ventilation is applicable to existing dwellings and most important of all, the regulations are concerned with minimising the risk to health from the build up of pollutants. The KFV100 helps to satisfy all of these criteria.
- i. Statutory Fitness Standards – Housing Act 1985
- ii. Department Of The Environment F1 Guidance – Means Of Ventilation
- iii. Airborne Fungal Glossary – Basic Fact About Mould –TRD
- iv. Housing Act – (COSHH) Control Of Substances Hazardous To Health Regulations – 1988
- v. Optimum Relative Humidity Guide KTIC
- vi. Building Research Establishment. Digest 297 ‘Surface Condensation And Mould Growth In Dwellings’
- vii. NHS – A Health Strategy For London
- viii. DETR – Energy Efficient Ventilation In Housing – Good Practice Guide 268 ix. Home Energy Conservation Act 1985 x. British Standards Institution. Bs 5250. ‘Control Of Condensation In Buildings’. BSI, London, 1989
- xi. Perera M D A E S And Parkins L M. ‘Build Tight – Ventilate Right’. Building Services Journal, June 1992. – CIBSE, London, 1992 xii. Property Associated Technical Standards